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MOE Sexuality Education in Schools


1. Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

2. The goals of Sexuality Education are to:
 (i) To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;

(ii) To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and

(iii) To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

 3. The key messages of Sexuality Education are:
 (i) Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others;
(ii) Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);
(iii) Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and
(iv) Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.

 You may click here for more information on MOE Sexuality Education.

Overview of Hougang Secondary School’s Sexuality Education Programme for 2019 

 4.  Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law. You may click here for more information on the scope of Sexuality Education in the school curriculum. 

 5.  The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include: 

 a.    Science 

 b.    Character and Citizenship Education (CCE) 

 Growing Years (GY) Programme: 

 i.       “The Teenage Years (2nd Edition)” (Lower Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package 

 ii.      “Sense & Sexuality (2nd Edition)” (Upper Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package 

 6. The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly.  Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour.  

 7. Through “The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sexuality” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age. 

At Hougang Secondary School, the following lessons from the Growing Years Programme will be taught in 2019:

Level

Topic

Secondary 1

 

Body Image and Self Esteem

Friendship, Love and Infatuation

Public Display of Affection

Influence of Media on Sexuality

Secondary 2

 

Rejections and Broken Relationships

Abstinence, Chastity and SelfControl

Pre-marital Sex and Teenage Pregnancy

Pornography and Masturbation

Secondary 3

Healthy Relationships and Responsible Dating

Dating and Romantic Relationship

Self-Control and Physical Intimacy

Public Display of Affection

Secondary 4

Body Image and Self Esteem

Rejections an Broken Relationships

Pornography and Law

Gender Role and Identity

Secondary 5

Gender Role and Identity



eTeens Programme: 

8.  eTeens is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students to provide them with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme.

 9. Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.

At Hougang Secondary School, the eTeens programme will be implemented as follows in 2019:

Topics/Lessons

Programme Learning Objectives

Mass Talk by HPB appointed vendor

·         Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS

·         Modes of transmission

·         Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used

·         Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV

Classroom-based Lesson: Decision-making

·         Understand there are consequences in any decision one makes regarding sexual intercourse

·         Realise that decision-making is a process that can be learnt

·         Understand that one needs correct and accurate information to make the right decisions regarding one’s sexual health

·         Learn to make decisions that will reduce the risk to their sexual health.

Classroom-based Lesson: Assertiveness

·         Understand what assertive behaviour is

·         Practise responding to persuasion assertively

Classroom-based Lesson: Negotiation

·         Practise negotiating one’s way out of a negative situation by applying skills learnt from Lesson 2

·         Learn risk reduction for STIs/HIV and assess situations to aid the control of impulses in sexual behaviour


Information for Parents

10. Parents may opt their children out of Growing Years, eTeens and/or supplementary sexuality education programmes by MOE-approved external providers. 

 11. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the Growing Years (GY) programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable here (please upload parents opt-out form found in Annex A and insert a hyperlink for parents to download the form). A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by 01/02/2019.  

12. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the eTeens programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable here:

eTeens Opt.pdf

A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the child's Character Coaches by 01/02/2019.

13. Parents can contact Ms Kwek Yu Zhen (HOD CCE) or Mrs Rachel Chan (SEd Coordinator) at 63851990 for discussion or to seek clarification about the school’s sexuality education programme.

14. Parents, who wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes, should contact the school to make the necessary arrangements. 

 Annex A

[Parent Opt-out Form - This section is applicable only if parents wish to opt their child out of the Growing Years programme.]

Growing Years Opt-Out Form.pdf 
Dear Sir/ Madam      

HPB.jpg
eTeens 
 STI (Sexually Transmitted Infections) / 
 HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) 
 Prevention Programme in Schools


1.  In view of the increasing number of STIs reported among youth aged 10-19 years [1], HPB, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the Ministry of Education (MOE), developed a STIs/HIV prevention programme titled eTeens for students in secondary schools and JC/CIs. The programme aims to raise awareness on STIs/HIV, inform students about ways to prevent infection and discourage risky sexual behaviours. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages in the programme. 

2.  eTeens comprises an assembly talk and classroom-based learning. It covers information on the transmission modes of STIs, the signs, symptoms and consequences of contracting STIs/HIV, effective methods of preventing infection including abstinence from pre-marital sex, being faithful to one partner in the context of marriage as well as condom use. It also teaches life-skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation skills. eTeens is conducted in schools by trained personnel from HPB and teachers. A factsheet on the programme, which is available on the MOE website [2], is enclosed.  

3.   If you do not wish your son/daughter/ward to attend this programme, please complete the form on the next page and return it to the school. For any clarification regarding this programme, please email us at hpb_yhp@hpb.gov.sg.    

 Thank you.   

 Yours sincerely,      

 Mr Francis Tan 
 Deputy Director  
 School Partnerships 
 School Health and Outreach Division 
 Health Promotion Board

 [1] Reported cases of STIs among youth aged 10-19 years increased from 238 cases in 2002 to a peak of 820 cases in 2007. 




eTeens 
 Wise.Informed.Sensible.Empowered     
 Aims of eTeens 
1.  The Empowered Teens (eTeens) programme aims to provide students with accurate information to help them make good decisions in their life choices. It raises awareness and knowledge about the following:   
 a)    awareness of the different sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS; 
 b)    modes of transmission for STIs and HIV/AIDS;
 c)    modes of protection against infection, specifically abstinence and the correct use of condoms; 
 d)    skills for decision-making, assertiveness, negotiation to say “no” to peer pressure to have pre-marital sex; and 
 e)    consequences and impact of STIs/HIV.     

 Format of Programme  

 2.The eTeens programme comprises a mass talk and a classroom-based lesson:   
 a)   The mass talk is conducted by a facilitator engaged by the Health Promotion Board (HPB) from an approved panel. The presentation follows an approved guide. 
 b)    The duration of the mass talk is about 45 minutes. It includes a multi- media presentation, video screening as well as presentation of key learning points. 
 c)    The classroom-based lesson reinforces skills of responsible decision-making, negotiation and assertiveness. The suggested time for the lesson is about one hour. 
 d)    Training for teachers to conduct the classroom-based programme is provided for by MOE and HPB.